GSA Government-wide Section 508 Accessibility Program

Design Guide

Table of Contents

1194.21 Software applications and operating systems

1194.21a , 1194.21b , 1194.21c , 1194.21d , 1194.21e , 1194.21f , 1194.21g , 1194.21h , 1194.21i , 1194.21j , 1194.21k , 1194.21l

1194.22 Web based intranet and Internet information and applications

1194.22a , 1194.22b , 1194.22c , 1194.22d , 1194.22e , 1194.22f , 1194.22g , 1194.22h , 1194.22i , 1194.22j , 1194.22k , 1194.22l , 1194.22m , 1194.22n , 1194.22o , 1194.22p

1194.23 Telecommunications products

1194.23a , 1194.23b , 1194.23c , 1194.23d , 1194.23e , 1194.23f ,
1194.23g , 1194.23h , 1194.23i ,
1194.23j , 1194.23k[1] , 1194.23k[2] ,
1194.23k[3] , 1194.23k[4]

1194.24 Video and multimedia products

1194.24a , 1194.24b , 1194.24c , 1194.24d , 1194.24e

1194.25 Self contained, closed products

1194.25a , 1194.25b , 1194.25c , 1194.25d , 1194.25e , 1194.25f ,
1194.25g , 1194.25h , 1194.25i , 1194.25j[1] , 1194.25j[2] , 1194.25j[3] , 1194.25j[4]

1194.26 Desktop and portable computers

1194.26a , 1194.26b , 1194.26c , 1194.26d

1194.41 Information, Documentation and Support

1194.41a , 1194.41b ,



1194.21  Software Applications and Operating Systems

Design Resources:

  1. Trace Research & Development Center, University of Wisconsin.
    http://trace.wisc.edu/docs/software_guidelines/software.pcs/gen_des.htm
  2. Requirements for Accessible Software Design, Version 1.2, U.S. Department of Education, March 6, 1997
    http://www.empowermentzone.com/ed508.txt
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 W3C Working Draft 7 July 2000, World Wide Web Consortium Web Accessibility Initiative
    http://www.w3.org/TR/xag.html
  4. Making Educational Software and Web Sites Accessible, WGBH
    http://ncam.wgbh.org/invent_build/web_multimedia/accessible-digital-media-guide
  5. Creating Accessible Microsoft Word & WordPerfect Documents by Using Markup, Center on Education and Work, University of Wisconsin
    https://kb.wisc.edu/office365/page.php?id=53328
  6. MAC OS Accessibility Documentation, Apple Computer, Inc.
    http://developer.apple.com/mac/library/documentation/Accessibility/Conceptual/AccessibilityMacOSX/OSXAXIntro/OSXAXintro.html
  7. CDE-Motif Documentation, The Open Group
    http://www.opengroup.org/publications/catalog/mo.htm
  8. Designing Accessible Applications, Microsoft
    https://support.office.com/en-us/article/Creating-accessible-Word-documents-d9bf3683-87ac-47ea-b91a-78dcacb3c66d
  9. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html
  10. Lotus Notes Application Accessibility, IBM
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/notes/accessr5.html

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1194.21a  When software is designed to run on a system that has a keyboard, product functions shall be executable from a keyboard where the function itself or the result of performing a function can be discerned textually.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. IBM Software accessibility checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 1.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html
  4. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 1.1, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10-TECHS/guidelines.html#tech-device-independent-ui

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1194.21b  Applications shall not disrupt or disable activated features of other products that are identified as accessibility features, where those features are developed and documented according to industry standards. Applications also shall not disrupt or disable activated features of any operating system that are identified as accessibility features where the application programming interface for those accessibility features has been documented by the manufacturer of the operating system and is available to the product developer.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint , Techniques, (), W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10-TECHS/
  4. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 1.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21c  A well-defined on-screen indication of the current focus shall be provided that moves among interactive interface elements as the input focus changes. The focus shall be programmatically exposed so that assistive technology can track focus and focus changes.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint , Techniques, (), W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10-TECHS/
  4. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 2.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21d  Sufficient information about a user interface element including the identity, operation and state of the element shall be available to assistive technology. When an image represents a program element, the information conveyed by the image must also be available in text.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint , Techniques, (), W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10-TECHS/
  4. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 2.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21e  When bitmap images are used to identify controls, status indicators, or other programmatic elements, the meaning assigned to those images shall be consistent throughout an application's performance.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 2.3
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21f  Textual information shall be provided through operating system functions for displaying text. The minimum information that shall be made available is text content, text input caret location, and text attributes.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 4.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21g  Applications shall not override user selected contrast and color selections and other individual display attributes.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 4.5
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21h  When animation is displayed, the information shall be displayable in at least one non-animated presentation mode at the option of the user.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 3.2, Techniques , W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10-TECHS/guidelines.html#tech-configure-multimedia
  4. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 4.6
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21i  Color coding shall not be used as the only means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 4.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21j  When a product permits a user to adjust color and contrast settings, a variety of color selections capable of producing a range of contrast levels shall be provided.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint4.3, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-configure-text-color
  4. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 4.3
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21k   Software shall not use flashing or blinking text, objects, or other elements having a flash or blink frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 3.3, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-on-off-blinking-text
  4. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 5.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.21l  When electronic forms are used, the form shall allow people using Assistive Technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues.

Design Resources:

  1. Software Applications and Operating Systems (1194.21), Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/software-applications-and-operating-systems-1194-21
  2. Developing Accessible Software, Access Board
    https://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/developing-accessible-software-tutorial
  3. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 2.1, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-doc-content-access
  4. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 5.5, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-info-form-submit
  5. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 2.4
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.22  Web based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications

Design Resources:

  1. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/1999/WAI-WEBCONTENT-19990505/
  2. Techniques for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10-TECHS/
  3. Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 , W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-AUTOOLS
  4. Techniques for Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/ATAG10-TECHS/
  5. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 W3C Working Draft 7 July 2000, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/WAI/UA/WD-UAAG10-20000707/
  6. XML Accessibility Guidelines Working Draft 3 October 2002, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/xag.html
  7. Evaluation, Repair, and Transformation Tools for Web Content Accessibility, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/WAI/ER/existingtools.html
  8. Making Educational Software and Web Sites Accessible, WGBH
    http://ncam.wgbh.org/invent_build/web_multimedia/accessible-digital-media-guide
  9. Creating Accessible Microsoft Word & WordPerfect Documents by Using Markup, Center on Education and Work, University of Wisconsin
    https://kb.wisc.edu/office365/page.php?id=53328
  10. HTML Commandments, Dena Shumila, Adaptive Technology Resource Centre, University of Toronto.
    http://www.utoronto.ca/atrc/rd/html/commandments.html
  11. WebAIM Section 508 Checklist, WebAIM.
    http://www.webaim.org/standards/508/checklist
  12. Lotus Notes Application Accessibility,
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/notes/accessr5.html

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1194.22a  A text equivalent for every non-text element shall be provided (e.g., via "alt", "longdesc", or in element content).

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Images, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  4. Creating Accessible Websites- Image Maps, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/images/maps
  5. Creating Accessible Websites - Audio & Video, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/video/audiodescription
  6. Creating Accessible Websites- Charts, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/images/charts
  7. Creating Accessible Websites- Math, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/math/stemguidelines
  8. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  9. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 1.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT-TECHS/#tech-text-equivalent
  10. Synchronized Multimedia, W3C
    http://www.w3.org/AudioVideo/
  11. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.1a
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22b  Equivalent alternatives for any multimedia presentation shall be synchronized with the presentation.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Audio, Pennsylvania State University
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/video/audiodescription
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 1.4, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT-TECHS/#tech-synchronize-equivalents
  6. Synchronized Multimedia, W3C
    http://www.w3.org/AudioVideo/
  7. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.2b
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22c  Web pages shall be designed so that all information conveyed with color is also available without color, for example from context or markup.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based intranet and Internet information and applications , Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.22.htm#(c)
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Color, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/color/colorvisiondetails
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 2.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-color-convey
  6. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.4a
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22d  Documents shall be organized so they are readable without requiring an associated style sheet.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Cascading Style Sheets, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/css
  4. Creating Accessible Websites - Using HTML Tags for Structure , Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/headingshtml
  5. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  6. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 6.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-order-style-sheets
  7. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.3f
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22e  Redundant text links shall be provided for each active region of a server-side image map.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based intranet and Internet information and applications , Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.22.htm#(e)
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Image maps, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/images/maps
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 1.2, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-redundant-server-links
  6. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.1c
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22f  Client-side image maps shall be provided instead of server-side image maps except where the regions cannot be defined with an available geometric shape.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Image maps, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/images/maps
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 9.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-client-side-maps
  6. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.1c
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22g  Row and column headers shall be identified for data tables.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based intranet and Internet information and applications , Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.22.htm#(g)
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Tables for Data, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/tables
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 5.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-table-headers
  6. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, General Techniques 3.5, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10-TECHS/topics.html#table-techniques
  7. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.3e
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22h  Markup shall be used to associate data cells and header cells for data tables that have two or more logical levels of row or column headers.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Tables for Data, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/tables
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 5.2, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-table-structure
  6. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, General Techniques 3.5, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/UAAG10-TECHS/topics.html#table-techniques
  7. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.3e
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22i  Frames shall be titled with text that facilitates frame identification and navigation.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Frames, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/frames
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 12.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-frame-titles
  6. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 2.4c
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22j  Pages shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Fonts, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/legibility
  4. Creating Accessible Websites - Motion or Animation, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/animations
  5. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  6. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 7.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-avoid-flicker
  7. IBM Software accessibility Checklist Version 3.6, checkpoint 5.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/software/accesssoftware.html

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1194.22k  A text-only page, with equivalent information or functionality, shall be provided to make a web site comply with the provisions of this part, when compliance cannot be accomplished in any other way. The content of the text-only page shall be updated whenever the primary page changes.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  4. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 11.4 W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-alt-pages
  5. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 4.2a
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22l  When pages utilize scripting languages to display content, or to create interface elements, the information provided by the script shall be identified with functional text that can be read by Assistive Technology.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Popups, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/popups
  4. Creating Accessible Websites - Drop Down Menu, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/navigation
  5. Creating Accessible Websites - Scripts, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/scripts
  6. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  7. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 8.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-directly-accessible
  8. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 6.3, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-scripts
  9. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 6.4, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-keyboard-operable-scripts
  10. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 9.3, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-device-independent-events
  11. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 2.1b
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22m  When a web page requires that an applet, plug-in or other application be present on the client system to interpret page content, the page must provide a link to a plug-in or applet that complies with §1194.21(a) through (l).

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - PDF Files, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/pdf
  4. Creating Accessible Websites - Flash, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/flash
  5. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  6. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 8.1 W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-directly-accessible
  7. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 6.3, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-scripts
  8. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 4.2b
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22n  When electronic forms are designed to be completed on-line, the form shall allow people using Assistive Technology to access the information, field elements, and functionality required for completion and submission of the form, including all directions and cues.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Forms, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/forms
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 10.2, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-unassociated-labels
  6. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 12.4, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-associate-labels
  7. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 9.3, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-device-independent-events
  8. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 2.1, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-doc-content-access
  9. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 2.3, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-conditional-content
  10. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 1.3d
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22o  A method shall be provided that permits users to skip repetitive navigation links.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Skip Navigation Strategies, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/skipnav/skiplinks
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 13.5, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-nav-bar
  6. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 13.6, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-group-links
  7. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 2.4a
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.22p  When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required.

Design Resources:

  1. Web-based Intranet and Internet Information and Applications (1194.22), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/web-based-intranet-and-internet-information-and-applications-1194-22
  2. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  3. Creating Accessible Websites - Redirect and Other Timed Responses, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/redirects
  4. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  5. IBM Web accessibility checklist version 5.1, checkpoint 2.2a
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/web/accessweb.html

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1194.23  Telecommunications Products

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. Designing More Usable Telecommunications, Trace Research & Development Center, University of Wisconsin
    http://trace.wisc.edu/world/telecomm/
  3. Technology Access Program (TAP) Gallaudet University
    http://tap.gallaudet.edu/

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1194.23a  Telecommunications products or systems which provide a function allowing voice communication and which do not themselves provide a TTY functionality shall provide a standard non-acoustic connection point for TTYs. Microphones shall be capable of being turned on and off to allow the user to intermix speech with TTY use.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial

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1194.23b  Telecommunications products which include voice communication functionality shall support all commonly used cross-manufacturer non-proprietary standard TTY signal protocols.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial

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1194.23c  Voice mail, auto-attendant, and interactive voice response telecommunications systems shall be usable by TTY users with their TTYs.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial

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1194.23d  Voice mail, messaging, auto-attendant, and interactive voice response telecommunications systems that require a response from a user within a time interval, shall give an alert when the time interval is about to run out, and shall provide sufficient time for the user to indicate more time is required.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial

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1194.23e  Where provided, caller identification and similar telecommunications functions shall also be available for users of TTYs, and for users who cannot see displays.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial

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1194.23f  For transmitted voice signals, telecommunications products shall provide a gain adjustable up to a minimum of 20 dB. For incremental volume control, at least one intermediate step of 12 dB of gain shall be provided.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 4.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html
  3. IBM Hardware accessibility checklist - version 3.6, checkpoint 5.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/hardware/accesshardware.html

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1194.23g  If the telecommunications product allows a user to adjust the receive volume, a function shall be provided to automatically reset the volume to the default level after every use.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 4.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.23h  Where a telecommunications product delivers output by an audio transducer which is normally held up to the ear, a means for effective magnetic wireless coupling to hearing technologies shall be provided.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 4.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.23i  Interference to hearing technologies (including hearing aids, cochlear implants, and assistive listening devices) shall be reduced to the lowest possible level that allows a user of hearing technologies to utilize the telecommunications product.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial

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1194.23j  Products that transmit or conduct information or communication, shall pass through cross-manufacturer, non-proprietary, industry-standard codes, translation protocols, formats or other information necessary to provide the information or communication in a usable format. Technologies which use encoding, signal compression, format transformation, or similar techniques shall not remove information needed for access or shall restore it upon delivery.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial

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1194.23k[1]  Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: Controls and Keys shall be tactilely discernible without activating the controls or keys.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 2.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.23k[2]   Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: Controls and Keys shall be operable with one hand and shall not require tight grasping, pinching, twisting of the wrist. The force required to activate controls and keys shall be 5 lbs. (22.2N) maximum.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 1.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.23k[3]  Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: If key repeat is supported, the delay before repeat shall be adjustable to at least 2 seconds. Key repeat rate shall be adjustable to 2 seconds per character.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. >

  3. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 2.3
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html
  4. IBM Hardware accessibility checklist - version 3.6, checkpoint 2.3
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/hardware/accesshardware.html

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1194.23k[4]  Products which have mechanically operated controls or keys shall comply with the following: The status of all locking or toggle controls or keys shall be visually discernible, and discernible either through touch or sound.

Design Resources:

  1. Accessible Telecommunications Product Design Tutorial, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/accessible-telecommunications-product-design-tutorial
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 2.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html
  3. IBM Hardware accessibility checklist - version 3.6, checkpoint 2.1

    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/hardware/accesshardware.html

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1194.24  Video and Multimedia Products

Design Resources:

  1. Video and Multimedia Products (1194.24), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/video-and-multimedia-products-1194-24
  2. National Center for Accessible Media, WGBH
  3. http://ncam.wgbh.org/

  4. Guidelines for Accessible Delivery of Text, Audio, Images, and Multimedia, IMS Global Learning Consortium
    http://www.imsglobal.org/accessibility/accessiblevers/sec5.html

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1194.24a  All analog television displays 13 inches and larger, and computer equipment that includes analog television receiver or display circuitry, shall be equipped with caption decoder circuitry which appropriately receives, decodes, and displays closed captions from broadcast, cable, videotape, and DVD signals. As soon as practicable, but not later than July 1, 2002, widescreen digital television (DTV) displays measuring at least 7.8 inches vertically, DTV sets with conventional displays measuring at least 13 inches vertically, and stand-alone DTV tuners, whether or not they are marketed with display screens, and computer equipment that includes DTV receiver or display circuitry, shall be equipped with caption decoder circuitry which appropriately receives, decodes, and displays closed captions from broadcast, cable, videotape, and DVD signals.

Design Resources:

  1. Video and Multimedia Products (1194.24), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/video-and-multimedia-products-1194-24

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1194.24b  Television tuners, including tuner cards for use in computers, shall be equipped with secondary audio program playback circuitry.

Design Resources:

  1. Video and Multimedia Products (1194.24), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/video-and-multimedia-products-1194-24

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1194.24c  All training and informational video and multimedia productions which support the agency's mission, regardless of format, that contain speech or other audio information necessary for the comprehension of the content, shall be open or closed captioned.

Design Resources:

  1. Video and Multimedia Products (1194.24), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/video-and-multimedia-products-1194-24
  2. Media Access Generator (MAGpie), WGBH
    http://ncam.wgbh.org/webaccess/magpie/
  3. Multimedia Accessibility, WGBH
    http://ncam.wgbh.org/invent_build/web_multimedia/accessible-digital-media-guide/guideline-h-multimedia
  4. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 1.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT-TECHS/#tech-text-equivalent
  5. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html
  6. Synchronized Multimedia, , W3C
    http://www.w3.org/AudioVideo/

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1194.24d  All training and informational video and multimedia productions which support the agency's mission, regardless of format, that contain visual information necessary for the comprehension of the content, shall be audio described.

Design Resources:

  1. Video and Multimedia Products (1194.24), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/video-and-multimedia-products-1194-24
  2. Media Access Generator (MAGpie), WGBH
    http://ncam.wgbh.org/webaccess/magpie/
  3. Multimedia Accessibility, WGBH
    http://ncam.wgbh.org/invent_build/web_multimedia/accessible-digital-media-guide/guideline-h-multimedia
  4. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 1.4, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT-TECHS/#tech-synchronize-equivalents
  5. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html
  6. Synchronized Multimedia, , W3C
    http://www.w3.org/AudioVideo/

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1194.24e  Display or presentation of alternate text presentation or audio descriptions shall be user-selectable unless permanent.

Design Resources:

  1. Video and Multimedia Products (1194.24), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/video-and-multimedia-products-1194-24
  2. Synchronized Multimedia, , W3C
    http://www.w3.org/AudioVideo/

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1194.25a  Self contained products shall be usable by people with disabilities without requiring an end-user to attach Assistive Technology to the product. Personal headsets for private listening are not Assistive Technology.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 1.4
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.25b  When a timed response is required, the user shall be alerted and given sufficient time to indicate more time is required.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. Web-based intranet and Internet information and applications, Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.22.htm#(p)
  3. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  4. Creating Accessible Websites- Redirects and Other Timed Responses , Pennsylvania State University
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/redirects
  5. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  6. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 5.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.25c  Where a product utilizes touchscreens or contact-sensitive controls, an input method shall be provided that complies with 1194.23 (k) (1) through (4).

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.25d  When biometric forms of user identification or control are used, an alternative form of identification or activation, which does not require the user to possess particular biological characteristics, shall also be provided.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 1.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.25e  When products provide auditory output, the audio signal shall be provided at a standard signal level through an industry standard connector that will allow for private listening. The product must provide the ability to interrupt, pause, and restart the audio at anytime.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 4.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.25f  When products deliver voice output in a public area, incremental volume control shall be provided with output amplification up to a level of at least 65 dB. Where the ambient noise level of the environment is above 45 dB, a volume gain of at least 20 dB above the ambient level shall be user selectable. A function shall be provided to automatically reset the volume to the default level after every use.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 4.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.25g  Color coding shall not be used as the only means of conveying information, indicating an action, prompting a response, or distinguishing a visual element.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 3.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.25h  When a product permits a user to adjust color and contrast settings, a range of color selections capable of producing a variety of contrast levels shall be provided.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint4.3, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-configure-text-color
  3. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 3.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html

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1194.25i  Products shall be designed to avoid causing the screen to flicker with a frequency greater than 2 Hz and lower than 55 Hz.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. User Agent Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, Checkpoint 3.3, Techniques, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-USERAGENT/guidelines.html#tech-on-off-blinking-text
  3. IBM Hardware Self Contained, Closed Products accessibility checklist - Version 3.7, checkpoint 5.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/peripherals/accessperipherals.html
  4. Web-based intranet and Internet information and applications , Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/sec508/guide/1194.22.htm#(j)
  5. Creating Accessible Websites, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/guidelines/section508
  6. Creating Accessible Websites - Fonts, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/legibility
  7. Creating Accessible Websites - Motion or Animation, Pennsylvania State University.
    http://accessibility.psu.edu/animations
  8. Web Development Guidelines, Blaire Bundy and Tim Dugdale, University of Wisconsin and Macromedia
    http://section508.gov/content/design-guide
  9. Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0: Checkpoint 7.1, W3C/WAI
    http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG10/wai-pageauth.html#tech-avoid-flicker
  10. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.25j[1]  Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: The position of any operable control shall be determined with respect to a vertical plane, which is 48 inches in length, centered on the operable control, and at the maximum protrusion of the product within the 48 inch length on products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.25j[2]  Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: Where any operable control is 10 inches or less behind the reference plane, the height shall be 54 inches maximum and 15 inches minimum above the floor.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.25j[3]  Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: Where any operable control is more than 10 inches and not more than 24 inches behind the reference plane, the height shall be 46 inches maximum and 15 inches minimum above the floor.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.25j[4]  Products which are freestanding, non-portable, and intended to be used in one location and which have operable controls shall comply with the following: Operable controls shall not be more than 24 inches behind the reference plane.

Design Resources:

  1. Self Contained, Closed Products (1194.25), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/self-contained,-closed-products-1194-25
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.26a  All mechanically operated controls and keys shall comply with §1194.23 (k) (1) through (4).

Design Resources:

  1. Desktop and Portable Computers (1194.26), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/desktop-and-portable-computers-1194-26
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.26b  If a product utilizes touchscreens or touch-operated controls, an input method shall be provided that complies with §1194.23 (k) (1) through (4).

Design Resources:

  1. Desktop and Portable Computers (1194.26), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/desktop-and-portable-computers-1194-26
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.26c  When biometric forms of user identification or control are used, an alternative form of identification or activation, which does not require the user to possess particular biological characteristics, shall also be provided.

Design Resources:

  1. Desktop and Portable Computers (1194.26), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/desktop-and-portable-computers-1194-26
  2. IBM Hardware accessibility checklist - version 3.6, checkpoint 1.2
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/hardware/accesshardware.html

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1194.26d  Where provided, at least one of each type of expansion slots, ports and connectors shall comply with publicly available industry standards.

Design Resources:

  1. Desktop and Portable Computers (1194.26), Access Board
    http://www.access-board.gov/guidelines-and-standards/communications-and-it/about-the-section-508-standards/guide-to-the-section-508-standards/desktop-and-portable-computers-1194-26
  2. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.41a  Product support documentation provided to end-users shall be made available in alternate formats upon request, at no additional charges.

Design Resources:

  1. IBM Developer guidelines checklists
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/index.html

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1194.41b  End-users shall have access to a description of the accessibility and compatibility features of products in alternate formats, or alternate methods upon request, at no additional charge.

Design Resources:

  1. IBM Documentation accessibility checklist Version 2.0, checkpoint 2.1
    http://www-03.ibm.com/able/guidelines/documentation/accessdoc.html

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